HISTORY OF HAITIAN MEDICINE…….1492 to 2014
PANORAMA DE L’HISTOIRE DE LA MEDECINE HAITIENNE, 1492-2014.
Where did this Medicine come from ?-L’ Origine de la Medecine Haitienne ? – HOW DID WE LAND HERE, DANS LA MODERNITE?
- OPINION OF DAVID CAMPBELL.
- OPINION OF MRS MYRLANDE MANIGAT.
- UN HOMMAGE RESPECTUEUX, des le depart, A TROIS GEANTS ACTUELS DE LA
MEDECINE HAITIENNE EN HAITI :
- LES DRS ARY BORDES, WILLIAM PAPE, RENE (WAWA) CHARLES.
- NE APPRECIATION DES SERVICES DE L’AMH DANS LES CALAMITES DU SEISME DE 2010 : LES MERITES DES PLUS JEUNES.
I- Pre Historic Medicine :
A ) Influences of the Arawak-Tainos Indians
a) their beliefs
b) communications with stars and cosmos thru the spirits of ancestors
c) their guidance in the control of diseases.
B) Influences of the African Slaves
a) their beliefs, vaudoo and imported diseases
b) diseases of God and diseases of Satan
c) traditional legacy of power of healing, the Herbalist.
II- Middle –Ages:
a) Organization of the French Colonialists
b) Their embryo-hospitals and the introduction of the translations of the greek-roman medical knowledges
c) Their practice of the medieval medicine, their control
d) Of the African herbalists and mid-wifes
e) Input of the catholic roman church and approach in controlling diseases.
III-Introduction to Modern Medicine:
a) work of Louis Pasteur, Claude Bernard on origin of diseases ( 19th century); work of Charles Darwin, ( the origin of the Species),of Joseph Lister ( antiseptics in wounds treatment)
b) The Pionners , Drs Dehoux and Audain ,the graduates of Europe
c)Input Of the US Navy during the occupation 1915-1934
d) creation of nursing and medical school in P-au-P
e) salvarsan, bismuth, mercury at hospital St Francois de Salles
f) arrival of penicillin, sulfa, control of malaria, yaws, syphilis and TB
g) X-Ray equipment and les “grands services”:maternity, obstetrics-gynecology, pediatrics, surgery ,orthopedics, urology.
h) rural medicine
IV- Exodus of Haitian Physicians 1960-1970
Influences of Cuban physicians in rural medicine
Creation of new medical schools ( Quisqueya, Notre-Dame, Tabarre).
ACTIVITIES OF THE AMHE and CONCERNS FOR THE HAITIAN COMMUNITY HEALTH and WELFARE IN HAITI and NORTH AMERICA.
HOMMAGE ET RECONNAISSANCE AUX ETOILES DE MONTREAL.
New generation and sophistication of Haitian medicine.
Adaptation to Herbal Medicine ( New Concept).
Understanding the ill versus the beneficial effects of the
“ over counter drugs”.
Adaptation to new concepts :” Traditional Medicine, Art of Healing, Implications of Medical Ethics “ versus Medical Practice as a Business engaged in new Technologies, Nano Medicine, Genetic Medical Engineering, Robotic Surgery.
HELP WITH OBAMA CARE.
ANDRE J MUZAC, MD,F.A.C.S.
PowerPoint Presentation: PANORAMA DE L’HISTOIRE DE LA MEDECINE HAITIENNE.ppt